MPG

Henry's Law Constants

www.henrys-law.org

Rolf Sander

Atmospheric Chemistry Division

Max-Planck Institute for Chemistry
Mainz, Germany


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Henry's Law Constants

Notes

References

Errata

Contact, Impressum, Acknowledgements


When referring to the compilation of Henry's Law Constants, please cite this publication:

R. Sander: Compilation of Henry's law constants (version 4.0) for water as solvent, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 4399-4981 (2015), doi:10.5194/acp-15-4399-2015


Henry's Law ConstantsHydrocarbons (C, H)Mononuclear aromatics → methylbenzene

FORMULA:C6H5CH3
TRIVIAL NAME: toluene
CAS RN:108-88-3
STRUCTURE
(FROM NIST):
InChIKey:YXFVVABEGXRONW-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Hcp d ln Hcp / d (1/T) Reference Type Notes
[mol/(m3Pa)] [K]
1.5×10−3 4300 Staudinger and Roberts 2001 L
1.5×10−3 4000 Staudinger and Roberts 1996 L
1.5×10−3 Mackay and Shiu 1981 L
1.5×10−3 Kim and Kim 2014 M
2.1×10−3 4400 Hiatt 2013 M
2.8×10−3 Zhang et al. 2013 M
1.7×10−3 4200 Lee et al. 2013 M
1.5×10−3 Kish et al. 2013 M
1.3×10−3 2700 Lau et al. 2010 M 89)
1.5×10−3 4300 Sieg et al. 2009 M 121)
1.4×10−3 Helburn et al. 2008 M
1.5×10−3 Li et al. 2008 M
1.3×10−3 2100 Falabella and Teja 2008 M 89) 130)
1.4×10−3 Lodge and Danso 2007 M
Cheng et al. 2004 M 123)
1.4×10−3 2200 Lei et al. 2004 M 122)
Cheng et al. 2003 M 123)
1.4×10−3 Karl et al. 2003 M 31)
2.1×10−3 Bobadilla et al. 2003 M
1.7×10−3 4300 Bakierowska and Trzeszczyński 2003 M
2.0×10−3 Destaillats and Charles 2002 M
1.6×10−3 4100 Görgényi et al. 2002 M
1.7×10−3 3600 Bierwagen and Keller 2001 M
1.0×10−3 Ayuttaya et al. 2001 M 131)
1.7×10−4 Ayuttaya et al. 2001 M 132)
7.8×10−4 Ayuttaya et al. 2001 M 133)
2.3×10−3 Ayuttaya et al. 2001 M 134)
1.5×10−3 David et al. 2000 M 126)
1.6×10−3 Miller and Stuart 2000 M 126)
1.9×10−3 4000 Vane and Giroux 2000 M
1.5×10−3 4700 Dewulf et al. 1999 M
1.7×10−3 Altschuh et al. 1999 M
1.5×10−3 Ryu and Park 1999 M
1.6×10−3 Dohnal and Hovorka 1999 M
1.5×10−3 Allen et al. 1998 M
2.1×10−3 Peng and Wan 1998 M
1.2×10−3 3600 Peng and Wan 1998 M 127)
2.0×10−3 de Wolf and Lieder 1998 M 31)
1.7×10−3 3700 Peng and Wan 1997 M
1.7×10−3 2800 Kondoh and Nakajima 1997 M
1.3×10−3 3900 Park et al. 1997 M
1.4×10−3 4100 Turner et al. 1996 M
1.5×10−3 Ramachandran et al. 1996 M
1.8×10−3 4400 Dewulf et al. 1995 M
1.6×10−3 Nielsen et al. 1994 M
1.5×10−3 3400 Robbins et al. 1993 M
1.3×10−3 Hoff et al. 1993 M
1.5×10−3 2500 Ettre et al. 1993 M 89)
1.4×10−3 Hansen et al. 1993 M 128)
1.5×10−3 4500 Perlinger et al. 1993 M
1.6×10−3 Li and Carr 1993 M
1.6×10−3 Li et al. 1993 M
1.5×10−3 Zhang and Pawliszyn 1993 M
1.6×10−3 2500 Kolb et al. 1992 M 102)
1.5×10−3 Anderson 1992 M 126)
1.4×10−3 5000 Bissonette et al. 1990 M
1.5×10−3 6500 Lamarche and Droste 1989 M 135)
1.5×10−3 3000 Ashworth et al. 1988 M 103)
1.6×10−3 Keeley et al. 1988 M
1.7×10−3 Yurteri et al. 1987 M 9)
1.2×10−3 5400 Schoene and Steinhanses 1985 M
1.5×10−3 Garbarini and Lion 1985 M
1.5×10−3 4200 Sanemasa et al. 1982 M
1.5×10−3 3800 Leighton and Calo 1981 M
1.6×10−3 4100 Sanemasa et al. 1981 M
1.5×10−3 4900 Ervin et al. 1980 M
1.7×10−3 Warner et al. 1980 M
1.5×10−3 Mackay et al. 1979 M
8.6×10−4 Sato and Nakajima 1979a M 19)
1.5×10−3 4700 Tsibul'skii et al. 1979 M
1.9×10−3 Vitenberg et al. 1975 M
1.6×10−3 5000 Brown and Wasik 1974 M
2.0×10−3 4900 Hartkopf and Karger 1973 M
1.7×10−3 5900 Wasik and Tsang 1970 M
1.5×10−3 Mackay et al. 2006a V
1.5×10−3 Shiu and Ma 2000 V
1.5×10−3 Park et al. 1997 V
1.5×10−3 Mackay et al. 1992a V
1.3×10−3 Hwang et al. 1992 V
1.7×10−3 Eastcott et al. 1988 V
1.5×10−3 4400 Abraham 1984 V
1.9×10−3 4200 Ben-Naim and Wilf 1980 V
1.5×10−3 Warner et al. 1980 V
1.5×10−3 Hine and Mookerjee 1975 V
1.5×10−3 Mackay and Leinonen 1975 V
1.8×10−3 4300 Andon et al. 1954 V 129)
1.8×10−3 Bohon and Claussen 1951 V
1.5×10−3 Mackay et al. 1979 T
4400 Gill et al. 1976 T 100)
1.9×10−3 4300 Shaw 1989 X 3)
1.5×10−3 1900 Goldstein 1982 X 116)
1.5×10−3 McAuliffe 1971 X 136)
1.5×10−3 Sieg et al. 2008 C
1.5×10−3 Schüürmann 2000 C 7)
1.7×10−3 Smith et al. 1993 C 9)
1.4×10−3 Ryan et al. 1988 C
1.7×10−3 Shen 1982 C
1.5×10−3 Hilal et al. 2008 Q
4300 Kühne et al. 2005 Q
1.6×10−3 Nirmalakhandan and Speece 1988a Q
1.2×10−3 Arbuckle 1983 Q
4200 Kühne et al. 2005 ?
1.5×10−3 Yaws and Yang 1992 ? 92)
1.5×10−3 Abraham et al. 1990 ?
1.9×10−3 Mackay and Yeun 1983 ?

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Type

Table entries are sorted according to reliability of the data, listing the most reliable type first: L) literature review, M) measured, V) VP/AS = vapor pressure/aqueous solubility, R) recalculation, T) thermodynamical calculation, X) original paper not available, C) citation, Q) QSPR, E) estimate, ?) unknown, W) wrong. See Section 3.1 of Sander (2015) for further details.

Notes

3) Value given here as quoted by Fogg and Sangster (2003).
7) Several references are given in the list of Henry's law constants but not assigned to specific species.
9) Value at T = 293 K.
19) Value at T = 310 K.
31) Value at T = 295 K.
89) Measured at high temperature and extrapolated to T = 298.15 K.
92) Yaws and Yang (1992) give several references for the Henry's law constants but don't assign them to specific species.
100) Calculated from the solvation enthalpy, using the van 't Hoff equation.
102) Extrapolated from data measured between 40 °C and 80 °C.
103) The value is most probably taken from the report by Howe et al. (1987).
116) Value given here as quoted by Staudinger and Roberts (1996).
121) Sieg et al. (2009) also provide data for supercooled water. Here, only data above 0 °C were used to calculate the temperature dependence.
122) Extrapolated from data above 298 K.
123) It was found that H changes with the concentration of the solution.
126) Value at T = 296 K.
127) Solubility in sea water.
128) Value at T = 302 K.
129) Calculated using Gh and Hh from Table 2 in Andon et al. (1954). Note that the thermodynamic functions in that table are not based on their α in Table 1. Instead, the expression exp(−Gh/(RT)) yields the Henry's law constant Hxp in the unit 1/atm.
130) Values for salt solutions are also available from this reference.
131) Value obtained by applying the EPICS method, see Ayuttaya et al. (2001) for details.
132) Value obtained by applying the static cell (linear form) method, see Ayuttaya et al. (2001) for details.
133) Value obtained by applying the direct phase concentration ratio method, see Ayuttaya et al. (2001) for details.
134) Value obtained by applying the static cell (non-linear form) method, see Ayuttaya et al. (2001) for details.
135) The temperature dependence is recalculated using the data in Table 4 of Lamarche and Droste (1989) and not taken from their Table 5.
136) Value given here as quoted by Dewulf et al. (1995).

The numbers of the notes are the same as in Sander (2015). References cited in the notes can be found here.

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