Henry's Law Constants

Rolf Sander

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Atmospheric Chemistry Division

Max-Planck Institute for Chemistry
Mainz, Germany


Henry's Law Constants




Contact, Impressum, Acknowledgements

When referring to the compilation of Henry's Law Constants, please cite this publication:

R. Sander: Compilation of Henry's law constants (version 4.0) for water as solvent, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 4399-4981 (2015), doi:10.5194/acp-15-4399-2015

Henry's Law ConstantsOrganic species with oxygen (O)Ethers (ROR) → diethyl ether

CAS RN:60-29-7

Hcp d ln Hcp / d (1/T) Reference Type Notes
[mol/(m3Pa)] [K]
5.0×10−3 Steward et al. 1973 L 19)
1.1×10−2 6600 Hiatt 2013 M
9.5×10−2 Helburn et al. 2008 M
1.1×10−2 Nielsen et al. 1994 M
7.0×10−3 3900 Lamarche and Droste 1989 M 135)
6.3×10−3 Guitart et al. 1989 M 19)
7.8×10−3 Signer et al. 1969 M
1.1×10−2 Mackay et al. 2006c V
1.1×10−2 Mackay et al. 1993 V
8.7×10−3 Hwang et al. 1992 V
1.1×10−2 Hine and Weimar 1965 V
1.1×10−2 Butler and Ramchandani 1935 V
6.0×10−3 5700 Bagno et al. 1991 T 196)
7.0×10−3 Hilal et al. 2008 Q
5300 Kühne et al. 2005 Q
1.7×10−3 Nirmalakhandan et al. 1997 Q
5700 Kühne et al. 2005 ?
7.7×10−3 Hoff et al. 1993 ? 7)
6.0×10−3 Abraham et al. 1990 ?


  • Abraham, M. H., Whiting, G. S., Fuchs, R., and Chambers, E. J.: Thermodynamics of solute transfer from water to hexadecane, J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans. 2, pp. 291-300, doi:10.1039/P29900000291, 1990.
  • Bagno, A., Lucchini, V., and Scorrano, G.: Thermodynamics of protonation of ketones and esters and energies of hydration of their conjugate acids, J. Phys. Chem., 95, 345-352, doi:10.1021/J100154A063, 1991.
  • Butler, J. A. V. and Ramchandani, C. N.: The solubility of non-electrolytes. Part II. The influence of the polar group on the free energy of hydration of aliphatic compounds, J. Chem. Soc., pp. 952-955, doi:10.1039/JR9350000952, 1935.
  • Guitart, R., Puigdemont, F., and Arboix, M.: Rapid headspace gas chromatographic method for the determination of liquid/gas partition coefficients, J. Chromatogr., 491, 271-280, doi:10.1016/S0378-4347(00)82845-5, 1989.
  • Helburn, R., Albritton, J., Howe, G., Michael, L., and Franke, D.: Henry's law constants for fragrance and organic solvent compounds in aqueous industrial surfactants, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 53, 1071-1079, doi:10.1021/JE700418A, 2008.
  • Hiatt, M. H.: Determination of Henry's law constants using internal standards with benchmark values, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 58, 902-908, doi:10.1021/JE3010535, 2013.
  • Hilal, S. H., Ayyampalayam, S. N., and Carreira, L. A.: Air-liquid partition coefficient for a diverse set of organic compounds: Henry's law constant in water and hexadecane, Environ. Sci. Technol., 42, 9231-9236, doi:10.1021/ES8005783, 2008.
  • Hine, J. and Weimar, Jr., R. D.: Carbon basicity, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 87, 3387-3396, doi:10.1021/JA01093A018, 1965.
  • Hoff, J. T., Mackay, D., Gillham, R., and Shiu, W. Y.: Partitioning of organic chemicals at the air-water interface in environmental systems, Environ. Sci. Technol., 27, 2174-2180, doi:10.1021/ES00047A026, 1993.
  • Hwang, Y.-L., Olson, J. D., and Keller, II, G. E.: Steam stripping for removal of organic pollutants from water. 2. Vapor-liquid equilibrium data, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 31, 1759-1768, doi:10.1021/IE00007A022, 1992.
  • Kühne, R., Ebert, R.-U., and Schüürmann, G.: Prediction of the temperature dependency of Henry's law constant from chemical structure, Environ. Sci. Technol., 39, 6705-6711, doi:10.1021/ES050527H, 2005.
  • Lamarche, P. and Droste, R. L.: Air stripping mass transfer correlations for volatile organics, J. Am. Water Works Assoc., 81, 78-89, doi:10.1002/J.1551-8833.1989.TB03326.X, 1989.
  • Mackay, D., Shiu, W. Y., and Ma, K. C.: Illustrated Handbook of Physical-Chemical Properties and Environmental Fate for Organic Chemicals, vol. III of Volatile Organic Chemicals , Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, 1993.
  • Mackay, D., Shiu, W. Y., Ma, K. C., and Lee, S. C.: Handbook of Physical-Chemical Properties and Environmental Fate for Organic Chemicals, vol. III of Oxygen Containing Compounds , CRC/Taylor & Francis Group, 2006c.
  • Nielsen, F., Olsen, E., and Fredenslund, A.: Henry's law constants and infinite dilution activity coefficients for volatile organic compounds in water by a validated batch air stripping method, Environ. Sci. Technol., 28, 2133-2138, doi:10.1021/ES00061A022, 1994.
  • Nirmalakhandan, N., Brennan, R. A., and Speece, R. E.: Predicting Henry's law constant and the effect of temperature on Henry's law constant, Wat. Res., 31, 1471-1481, doi:10.1016/S0043-1354(96)00395-8, 1997.
  • Signer, R., Arm, H., and Daenicker, H.: Dampfdrücke, Dichten, thermodynamische Mischfunktionen und Brechungsindices der binären Systeme Wasser-Tetrahydrofuran und Wasser-Diäthyläther bei 25 °, Helv. Chim. Acta, 52, 2347-2351, doi:10.1002/HLCA.19690520816, 1969.
  • Steward, A., Allott, P. R., Cowles, A. L., and Mapleson, W. W.: Solubility coefficients for inhaled anaesthetics for water, oil and biological media, Br. J. Anaesth., 45, 282-293, doi:10.1093/BJA/45.3.282, 1973.


Table entries are sorted according to reliability of the data, listing the most reliable type first: L) literature review, M) measured, V) VP/AS = vapor pressure/aqueous solubility, R) recalculation, T) thermodynamical calculation, X) original paper not available, C) citation, Q) QSPR, E) estimate, ?) unknown, W) wrong. See Section 3.1 of Sander (2015) for further details.


7) Several references are given in the list of Henry's law constants but not assigned to specific species.
19) Value at T = 310 K.
135) The temperature dependence is recalculated using the data in Table 4 of Lamarche and Droste (1989) and not taken from their Table 5.
196) Calculated under the assumption that ∆G and ∆H are based on [mol/l] and [atm] as the standard states.

The numbers of the notes are the same as in Sander (2015). References cited in the notes can be found here.

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