Henry's Law Constants

Rolf Sander

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Atmospheric Chemistry Division

Max-Planck Institute for Chemistry
Mainz, Germany


Henry's Law Constants




Contact, Impressum, Acknowledgements

When referring to the compilation of Henry's Law Constants, please cite this publication:

R. Sander: Compilation of Henry's law constants (version 4.0) for water as solvent, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 4399-4981 (2015), doi:10.5194/acp-15-4399-2015

Henry's Law ConstantsOrganic species with oxygen (O)Alcohols (ROH) → ethanol

CAS RN:64-17-5

Hcp d ln Hcp / d (1/T) Reference Type Notes
[mol/(m3Pa)] [K]
1.9 6400 Sander et al. 2011 L
1.9 6300 Warneck 2006 L
2.0 6600 Sander et al. 2006 L
1.8 6300 Dohnal et al. 2006 L
1.7 5700 Fogg and Sangster 2003 L
1.8 Vitenberg and Dobryakov 2008 M
1.9 5800 Falabella et al. 2006 M 89) 130)
1.9 Straver and de Loos 2005 M
Cheng et al. 2004 M 123)
1.1 Ueberfeld et al. 2001 M
1.8 5800 Gupta et al. 2000 M
1.3 Altschuh et al. 1999 M
1.9 Li and Carr 1993 M
1.9 Park et al. 1987 M
1.9 6600 Snider and Dawson 1985 M
1.9 Rytting et al. 1978 M
2.3 Rohrschneider 1973 M
2.1 Burnett 1963 M
1.9 Butler et al. 1935 M
4.7×10−2 Abraham and Acree 2007 V
1.3 Hwang et al. 1992 V
6300 Abraham 1984 V
1.5 6400 Schaffer and Daubert 1969 X 116)
2.0 Gaffney and Senum 1984 X 153)
1.6 Timmermans 1960 X 154)
1.1 Hilal et al. 2008 Q
6500 Kühne et al. 2005 Q
1.3 Yaws et al. 1997 Q
1.6 Nirmalakhandan and Speece 1988a Q
6400 Kühne et al. 2005 ?
1.2 Yaws and Yang 1992 ? 92)
1.9 Abraham et al. 1990 ?


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  • Burnett, M. G.: Determination of partition coefficients at infinite dilution by the gas chromatographic analysis of the vapor above dilute solutions, Anal. Chem., 35, 1567-1570, doi:10.1021/AC60204A007, 1963.
  • Butler, J. A. V., Ramchandani, C. N., and Thomson, D. W.: The solubility of non-electrolytes. Part I. The free energy of hydration of some aliphatic alcohols, J. Chem. Soc., pp. 280-285, doi:10.1039/JR9350000280, 1935.
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  • Dohnal, V., Fenclová, D., and Vrbka, P.: Temperature dependences of limiting activity coefficients, Henry's law constants, and derivative infinite dilution properties of lower (C1-C5) 1-alkanols in water. critical compilation, correlation, and recommended data, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 35, 1621-1651, doi:10.1063/1.2203355, 2006.
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  • Fogg, P. and Sangster, J.: Chemicals in the Atmosphere: Solubility, Sources and Reactivity, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2003.
  • Gaffney, J. S. and Senum, G. I.: Peroxides, peracids, aldehydes, and PANs and their links to natural and anthropogenic organic sources, in: Gas-Liquid Chemistry of Natural Waters, edited by Newman, L., pp. 5-1-5-7, NTIS TIC-4500, UC-11, BNL 51757 Brookhaven National Laboratory, 1984.
  • Gupta, A. K., Teja, A. S., Chai, X. S., and Zhu, J. Y.: Henry's constants of n-alkanols (methanol through n-hexanol) in water at temperatures between 40 ° C and 90 ° C, Fluid Phase Equilib., 170, 183-192, doi:10.1016/S0378-3812(00)00350-2, 2000.
  • Hilal, S. H., Ayyampalayam, S. N., and Carreira, L. A.: Air-liquid partition coefficient for a diverse set of organic compounds: Henry's law constant in water and hexadecane, Environ. Sci. Technol., 42, 9231-9236, doi:10.1021/ES8005783, 2008.
  • Hwang, Y.-L., Olson, J. D., and Keller, II, G. E.: Steam stripping for removal of organic pollutants from water. 2. Vapor-liquid equilibrium data, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 31, 1759-1768, doi:10.1021/IE00007A022, 1992.
  • Kühne, R., Ebert, R.-U., and Schüürmann, G.: Prediction of the temperature dependency of Henry's law constant from chemical structure, Environ. Sci. Technol., 39, 6705-6711, doi:10.1021/ES050527H, 2005.
  • Li, J. and Carr, P. W.: Measurement of water-hexadecane partition coefficients by headspace gas chromatography and calculation of limiting activity coefficients in water, Anal. Chem., 65, 1443-1450, doi:10.1021/AC00058A023, 1993.
  • Nirmalakhandan, N. N. and Speece, R. E.: QSAR model for predicting Henry's constant, Environ. Sci. Technol., 22, 1349-1357, doi:10.1021/ES00176A016, 1988a.
  • Park, J. H., Hussam, A., Couasnon, P., Fritz, D., and Carr, P. W.: Experimental reexamination of selected partition coefficients from Rohrschneider's data set, Anal. Chem., 59, 1970-1976, doi:10.1021/AC00142A016, 1987.
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  • Sander, S. P., Friedl, R. R., Golden, D. M., Kurylo, M. J., Moortgat, G. K., Keller-Rudek, H., Wine, P. H., Ravishankara, A. R., Kolb, C. E., Molina, M. J., Finlayson-Pitts, B. J., Huie, R. E., and Orkin, V. L.: Chemical Kinetics and Photochemical Data for Use in Atmospheric Studies, Evaluation Number 15, JPL Publication 06-2, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA,, 2006.
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  • Schaffer, D. L. and Daubert, T. E.: Gas-liquid chromatographic determination of solution properties of oxygenated compounds in water, Anal. Chem., 41, 1585-1589, doi:10.1021/AC60281A016, 1969.
  • Snider, J. R. and Dawson, G. A.: Tropospheric light alcohols, carbonyls, and acetonitrile: Concentrations in the southwestern United States and Henry's law data, J. Geophys. Res., 90D, 3797-3805, doi:10.1029/JD090ID02P03797, 1985.
  • Straver, E. J. M. and de Loos, T. W.: Determination of Henry's law constants and activity coefficients at infinite dilution of flavor compounds in water at 298 K with a gas-chromatographic method, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 50, 1171-1176, doi:10.1021/JE0495942, 2005.
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  • Ueberfeld, J., Zbinden, H., Gisin, N., and Pellaux, J. P.: Determination of Henry's constant using a photoacoustic sensor, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 33, 755-764, doi:10.1006/JCHT.2000.0776, 2001.
  • Vitenberg, A. G. and Dobryakov, Y. G.: Gas-chromatographic determination of the distribution ratios of volatile substances in gas-liquid systems, Russ. J. Appl. Chem., 81, 339-359, doi:10.1134/S1070427208030014, 2008.
  • Warneck, P.: A note on the temperature dependence of Henry's Law coefficients for methanol and ethanol, Atmos. Environ., 40, 7146-7151, doi:10.1016/J.ATMOSENV.2006.06.024, 2006.
  • Yaws, C. L. and Yang, H.-C.: Henry's law constant for compound in water, in: Thermodynamic and Physical Property Data, edited by Yaws, C. L., pp. 181-206, Gulf Publishing Company, Houston, TX, 1992.
  • Yaws, C. L., Hopper, J. R., Sheth, S. D., Han, M., and Pike, R. W.: Solubility and Henry's law constant for alcohols in water, Waste Manage., 17, 541-547, doi:10.1016/S0956-053X(97)10057-5, 1997.


Table entries are sorted according to reliability of the data, listing the most reliable type first: L) literature review, M) measured, V) VP/AS = vapor pressure/aqueous solubility, R) recalculation, T) thermodynamical calculation, X) original paper not available, C) citation, Q) QSPR, E) estimate, ?) unknown, W) wrong. See Section 3.1 of Sander (2015) for further details.


89) Measured at high temperature and extrapolated to T = 298.15 K.
92) Yaws and Yang (1992) give several references for the Henry's law constants but don't assign them to specific species.
116) Value given here as quoted by Staudinger and Roberts (1996).
123) It was found that H changes with the concentration of the solution.
130) Values for salt solutions are also available from this reference.
153) Value given here as quoted by Gaffney et al. (1987).
154) Value given here as quoted by Hine and Weimar (1965).

The numbers of the notes are the same as in Sander (2015). References cited in the notes can be found here.

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