Henry's Law Constants

Rolf Sander

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Atmospheric Chemistry Division

Max-Planck Institute for Chemistry
Mainz, Germany


Henry's Law Constants




Contact, Impressum, Acknowledgements

When referring to the compilation of Henry's Law Constants, please cite this publication:

R. Sander: Compilation of Henry's law constants (version 4.0) for water as solvent, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 4399-4981 (2015), doi:10.5194/acp-15-4399-2015

Henry's Law ConstantsOrganic species with chlorine (Cl)Chlorocarbons (C, H, Cl) → chloroethene

TRIVIAL NAME: vinyl chloride
CAS RN:75-01-4

Hcp d ln Hcp / d (1/T) Reference Type Notes
[mol/(m3Pa)] [K]
3.8×10−4 3100 Warneck 2007 L
3.9×10−4 3100 Staudinger and Roberts 2001 L
3.9×10−4 3100 Staudinger and Roberts 1996 L
4.5×10−4 3000 Wilhelm et al. 1977 L
3.9×10−4 3200 Hiatt 2013 M
4.1×10−4 2300 Chen et al. 2012 M
Chiang et al. 1998 M 250)
4.0×10−4 2900 Ashworth et al. 1988 M 103)
3.7×10−4 3300 Gossett 1987 M
8.5×10−6 Pearson and McConnell 1975 M 147) 248)
Mackay et al. 2006b V 256)
9.1×10−4 Lide and Frederikse 1995 V
1.2×10−4 Mackay et al. 1993 V
1.1×10−4 Hwang et al. 1992 V
9.4×10−6 Dilling 1977 V
4.2×10−4 Dilling 1977 V
1.8×10−4 Hine and Mookerjee 1975 V
6.5×10−4 Ryan et al. 1988 C
2.1×10−4 Hilal et al. 2008 Q
2.0×10−3 Nirmalakhandan and Speece 1988a Q
8.1×10−4 Irmann 1965 Q
3.7×10−4 Mackay et al. 2006b ?
3.7×10−4 Mackay et al. 1993 ?
4.4×10−4 Yaws and Yang 1992 ? 92)
4.5×10−4 Abraham et al. 1990 ?


  • Abraham, M. H., Whiting, G. S., Fuchs, R., and Chambers, E. J.: Thermodynamics of solute transfer from water to hexadecane, J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans. 2, pp. 291-300, doi:10.1039/P29900000291, 1990.
  • Ashworth, R. A., Howe, G. B., Mullins, M. E., and Rogers, T. N.: Air-water partitioning coefficients of organics in dilute aqueous solutions, J. Hazard. Mater., 18, 25-36, doi:10.1016/0304-3894(88)85057-X, 1988.
  • Chen, F., Freedman, D. L., Falta, R. W., and Murdoch, L. C.: Henry's law constants of chlorinated solvents at elevated temperatures, Chemosphere, 86, 156-165, doi:10.1016/J.CHEMOSPHERE.2011.10.004, 2012.
  • Chiang, P.-C., Hung, C.-H., Mar, J. C., and Chang, E. E.: Henry's constants and mass transfer coefficients of halogenated organic pollutants in an air stripping packed column, Wat. Sci. Tech., 38, 287-294, 1998.
  • Dilling, W. L.: Interphase transfer processes. II. Evaporation rates of chloro methanes, ethanes, ethylenes, propanes, and propylenes from dilute aqueous solutions. Comparisons with theoretical predictions, Environ. Sci. Technol., 11, 405-409, doi:10.1021/ES60127A009, 1977.
  • Gossett, J. M.: Measurement of Henry's law constants for C1 and C2 chlorinated hydrocarbons, Environ. Sci. Technol., 21, 202-208, doi:10.1021/ES00156A012, 1987.
  • Hiatt, M. H.: Determination of Henry's law constants using internal standards with benchmark values, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 58, 902-908, doi:10.1021/JE3010535, 2013.
  • Hilal, S. H., Ayyampalayam, S. N., and Carreira, L. A.: Air-liquid partition coefficient for a diverse set of organic compounds: Henry's law constant in water and hexadecane, Environ. Sci. Technol., 42, 9231-9236, doi:10.1021/ES8005783, 2008.
  • Hine, J. and Mookerjee, P. K.: The intrinsic hydrophilic character of organic compounds. Correlations in terms of structural contributions, J. Org. Chem., 40, 292-298, doi:10.1021/JO00891A006, 1975.
  • Hwang, Y.-L., Olson, J. D., and Keller, II, G. E.: Steam stripping for removal of organic pollutants from water. 2. Vapor-liquid equilibrium data, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 31, 1759-1768, doi:10.1021/IE00007A022, 1992.
  • Irmann, F.: Eine einfache Korrelation zwischen Wasserlöslichkeit und Struktur von Kohlenwasserstoffen und Halogenkohlenwasserstoffen, Chem.-Ing.-Tech., 37, 789-798, doi:10.1002/CITE.330370802, 1965.
  • Lide, D. R. and Frederikse, H. P. R., eds.: CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 76th Edition, CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1995.
  • Mackay, D., Shiu, W. Y., and Ma, K. C.: Illustrated Handbook of Physical-Chemical Properties and Environmental Fate for Organic Chemicals, vol. III of Volatile Organic Chemicals , Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, 1993.
  • Mackay, D., Shiu, W. Y., Ma, K. C., and Lee, S. C.: Handbook of Physical-Chemical Properties and Environmental Fate for Organic Chemicals, vol. II of Halogenated Hydrocarbons , CRC/Taylor & Francis Group, 2006b.
  • Nirmalakhandan, N. N. and Speece, R. E.: QSAR model for predicting Henry's constant, Environ. Sci. Technol., 22, 1349-1357, doi:10.1021/ES00176A016, 1988a.
  • Pearson, C. R. and McConnell, G.: Chlorinated C1 and C2 hydrocarbons in the marine environment, Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B, 189, 305-332, doi:10.1098/RSPB.1975.0059, 1975.
  • Ryan, J. A., Bell, R. M., Davidson, J. M., and O'Connor, G. A.: Plant uptake of non-ionic organic chemicals from soils, Chemosphere, 17, 2299-2323, doi:10.1016/0045-6535(88)90142-7, 1988.
  • Staudinger, J. and Roberts, P. V.: A critical review of Henry's law constants for environmental applications, Crit. Rev. Environ. Sci. Technol., 26, 205-297, doi:10.1080/10643389609388492, 1996.
  • Staudinger, J. and Roberts, P. V.: A critical compilation of Henry's law constant temperature dependence relations for organic compounds in dilute aqueous solutions, Chemosphere, 44, 561-576, doi:10.1016/S0045-6535(00)00505-1, 2001.
  • Warneck, P.: A review of Henry's law coefficients for chlorine-containing C1 and C2 hydrocarbons, Chemosphere, 69, 347-361, doi:10.1016/J.CHEMOSPHERE.2007.04.088, 2007.
  • Wilhelm, E., Battino, R., and Wilcock, R. J.: Low-pressure solubility of gases in liquid water, Chem. Rev., 77, 219-262, doi:10.1021/CR60306A003, 1977.
  • Yaws, C. L. and Yang, H.-C.: Henry's law constant for compound in water, in: Thermodynamic and Physical Property Data, edited by Yaws, C. L., pp. 181-206, Gulf Publishing Company, Houston, TX, 1992.


Table entries are sorted according to reliability of the data, listing the most reliable type first: L) literature review, M) measured, V) VP/AS = vapor pressure/aqueous solubility, R) recalculation, T) thermodynamical calculation, X) original paper not available, C) citation, Q) QSPR, E) estimate, ?) unknown, W) wrong. See Section 3.1 of Sander (2015) for further details.


92) Yaws and Yang (1992) give several references for the Henry's law constants but don't assign them to specific species.
103) The value is most probably taken from the report by Howe et al. (1987).
147) Value at T = 283 K.
248) The same data were also published in McConnell et al. (1975).
250) Chiang et al. (1998) show vinyl chloride in their Table 2 but most probably they meant to refer to dichloromethane instead.
256) Mackay et al. (2006b) list a vapor pressure p, a solubility c, and a Henry's law constant calculated as p/c. However, the data are internally inconsistent and deviate by more than 10 %.

The numbers of the notes are the same as in Sander (2015). References cited in the notes can be found here.

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