Henry's Law Constants

Rolf Sander

Atmospheric Chemistry Division

Max-Planck Institute for Chemistry
Mainz, Germany


Henry's Law Constants




Contact, Impressum, Acknowledgements

When referring to the compilation of Henry's Law Constants, please cite this publication:

R. Sander: Compilation of Henry's law constants (version 4.0) for water as solvent, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 4399-4981 (2015), doi:10.5194/acp-15-4399-2015

Henry's Law ConstantsOrganic species with nitrogen (N)Nitriles (C, H, N) → ethane nitrile

TRIVIAL NAME: acetonitrile
CAS RN:75-05-8

Hcp d ln Hcp / d (1/T) Reference Type Notes
[mol/(m3Pa)] [K]
5.2×10−1 4000 Sander et al. 2011 L
5.2×10−1 4000 Sander et al. 2006 L
5.0×10−1 4100 Fogg and Sangster 2003 L
5.1×10−1 4000 Staudinger and Roberts 2001 L
4.7×10−1 3500 Arijs and Brasseur 1986 L
6.0×10−1 6300 Hiatt 2013 M
5.2×10−1 4000 Ji and Evans 2007 M
4.9×10−1 Bebahani et al. 2002 M
5.3×10−1 4100 Benkelberg et al. 1995 M
4.6×10−1 Li and Carr 1993 M
4.8×10−1 3900 Snider and Dawson 1985 M
5.3×10−1 4100 Hamm et al. 1984 M
3.7×10−2 Abraham and Acree 2007 V
5.0×10−1 Hwang et al. 1992 V
2.9×10−1 Hine and Weimar 1965 R
2.9×10−1 Gaffney and Senum 1984 X 153)
7.7×10−1 Hilal et al. 2008 Q
4200 Kühne et al. 2005 Q
2.9×10−2 Nirmalakhandan et al. 1997 Q
3.6×10−1 Mackay et al. 2006d ?
4300 Kühne et al. 2005 ?
4.9×10−1 Yaws and Yang 1992 ? 92)
2.9×10−1 Abraham et al. 1990 ?


  • Abraham, M. H. and Acree, Jr., W. E.: Prediction of gas to water partition coefficients from 273 to 373 K using predicted enthalpies and heat capacities of hydration, Fluid Phase Equilib., 262, 97-110, doi:10.1016/J.FLUID.2007.08.011, 2007.
  • Abraham, M. H., Whiting, G. S., Fuchs, R., and Chambers, E. J.: Thermodynamics of solute transfer from water to hexadecane, J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans. 2, pp. 291-300, doi:10.1039/P29900000291, 1990.
  • Arijs, E. and Brasseur, G.: Acetonitrile in the stratosphere and implications for positive ion composition, J. Geophys. Res., 91D, 4003-4016, doi:10.1029/JD091ID03P04003, 1986.
  • Bebahani, G. R. R., Hogan, P., and Waghorne, W. E.: Ostwald concentration coefficients of acetonitrile in aqueous mixed solvents: a new, rapid method for measuring the solubilities of volatile solutes, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 47, 1290-1292, doi:10.1021/JE0200665, 2002.
  • Benkelberg, H.-J., Hamm, S., and Warneck, P.: Henry's law coefficients for aqueous solutions of acetone, acetaldehyde and acetonitrile, and equilibrium constants for the addition compounds of acetone and acetaldehyde with bisulfite, J. Atmos. Chem., 20, 17-34, doi:10.1007/BF01099916, 1995.
  • Fogg, P. and Sangster, J.: Chemicals in the Atmosphere: Solubility, Sources and Reactivity, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2003.
  • Gaffney, J. S. and Senum, G. I.: Peroxides, peracids, aldehydes, and PANs and their links to natural and anthropogenic organic sources, in: Gas-Liquid Chemistry of Natural Waters, edited by Newman, L., pp. 5-1-5-7, NTIS TIC-4500, UC-11, BNL 51757 Brookhaven National Laboratory, 1984.
  • Hamm, S., Hahn, J., Helas, G., and Warneck, P.: Acetonitrile in the troposphere: residence time due to rainout and uptake by the ocean, Geophys. Res. Lett., 11, 1207-1210, doi:10.1029/GL011I012P01207, 1984.
  • Hiatt, M. H.: Determination of Henry's law constants using internal standards with benchmark values, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 58, 902-908, doi:10.1021/JE3010535, 2013.
  • Hilal, S. H., Ayyampalayam, S. N., and Carreira, L. A.: Air-liquid partition coefficient for a diverse set of organic compounds: Henry's law constant in water and hexadecane, Environ. Sci. Technol., 42, 9231-9236, doi:10.1021/ES8005783, 2008.
  • Hine, J. and Weimar, Jr., R. D.: Carbon basicity, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 87, 3387-3396, doi:10.1021/JA01093A018, 1965.
  • Hwang, Y.-L., Olson, J. D., and Keller, II, G. E.: Steam stripping for removal of organic pollutants from water. 2. Vapor-liquid equilibrium data, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 31, 1759-1768, doi:10.1021/IE00007A022, 1992.
  • Ji, C. and Evans, E. M.: Using an internal standard method to determine Henry's law constants, Environ. Toxicol. Chem., 26, 231-236, doi:10.1897/06-339R.1, 2007.
  • Kühne, R., Ebert, R.-U., and Schüürmann, G.: Prediction of the temperature dependency of Henry's law constant from chemical structure, Environ. Sci. Technol., 39, 6705-6711, doi:10.1021/ES050527H, 2005.
  • Li, J. and Carr, P. W.: Measurement of water-hexadecane partition coefficients by headspace gas chromatography and calculation of limiting activity coefficients in water, Anal. Chem., 65, 1443-1450, doi:10.1021/AC00058A023, 1993.
  • Mackay, D., Shiu, W. Y., Ma, K. C., and Lee, S. C.: Handbook of Physical-Chemical Properties and Environmental Fate for Organic Chemicals, vol. IV of Nitrogen and Sulfur Containing Compounds and Pesticides , CRC/Taylor & Francis Group, 2006d.
  • Nirmalakhandan, N., Brennan, R. A., and Speece, R. E.: Predicting Henry's law constant and the effect of temperature on Henry's law constant, Wat. Res., 31, 1471-1481, doi:10.1016/S0043-1354(96)00395-8, 1997.
  • Sander, S. P., Friedl, R. R., Golden, D. M., Kurylo, M. J., Moortgat, G. K., Keller-Rudek, H., Wine, P. H., Ravishankara, A. R., Kolb, C. E., Molina, M. J., Finlayson-Pitts, B. J., Huie, R. E., and Orkin, V. L.: Chemical Kinetics and Photochemical Data for Use in Atmospheric Studies, Evaluation Number 15, JPL Publication 06-2, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA,, 2006.
  • Sander, S. P., Abbatt, J., Barker, J. R., Burkholder, J. B., Friedl, R. R., Golden, D. M., Huie, R. E., Kolb, C. E., Kurylo, M. J., Moortgat, G. K., Orkin, V. L., and Wine, P. H.: Chemical Kinetics and Photochemical Data for Use in Atmospheric Studies, Evaluation No. 17, JPL Publication 10-6, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena,, 2011.
  • Snider, J. R. and Dawson, G. A.: Tropospheric light alcohols, carbonyls, and acetonitrile: Concentrations in the southwestern United States and Henry's law data, J. Geophys. Res., 90D, 3797-3805, doi:10.1029/JD090ID02P03797, 1985.
  • Staudinger, J. and Roberts, P. V.: A critical compilation of Henry's law constant temperature dependence relations for organic compounds in dilute aqueous solutions, Chemosphere, 44, 561-576, doi:10.1016/S0045-6535(00)00505-1, 2001.
  • Yaws, C. L. and Yang, H.-C.: Henry's law constant for compound in water, in: Thermodynamic and Physical Property Data, edited by Yaws, C. L., pp. 181-206, Gulf Publishing Company, Houston, TX, 1992.


Table entries are sorted according to reliability of the data, listing the most reliable type first: L) literature review, M) measured, V) VP/AS = vapor pressure/aqueous solubility, R) recalculation, T) thermodynamical calculation, X) original paper not available, C) citation, Q) QSPR, E) estimate, ?) unknown, W) wrong. See Section 3.1 of Sander (2015) for further details.


92) Yaws and Yang (1992) give several references for the Henry's law constants but don't assign them to specific species.
153) Value given here as quoted by Gaffney et al. (1987).

The numbers of the notes are the same as in Sander (2015). References cited in the notes can be found here.

* * *

Search Henry's Law Database

Species Search:

Identifier Search:

Reference Search:

* * *

Convert Henry's Law Constants


* * *